cps-20221101
0001320461false00013204612022-11-012022-11-01

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 8-K 
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported) – November 1, 2022
 
COOPER-STANDARD HOLDINGS INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware001-3612720-1945088
(State or other jurisdiction
 of incorporation)
(Commission
File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
40300 Traditions Drive,
Northville
Michigan
48168
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (248596-5900 
Check the appropriate box below in the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareCPSNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  






Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
On November 1, 2022, Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) issued a press release regarding its results of operations and financial condition for the third quarter ended September 30, 2022. The press release is furnished as Exhibit 99 hereto and incorporated by reference herein.

Item 9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits.
The following exhibits are furnished pursuant to Item 9.01 of Form 8-K:
    Exhibit 99        Press release dated November 1, 2022.
    Exhibit 104        The cover page of this Current Report on Form 8-K, formatted in Inline XBRL.
 
                        
         
            

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
        Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.
 
/s/ Joanna M. Totsky
Name:Joanna M. Totsky
Title:
Senior Vice President, Chief Legal Officer
and Secretary
Date: November 2, 2022




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Cooper Standard Reports Strong Sales Growth and Margin Improvement in Third Quarter 2022


NORTHVILLE, Mich., November 1, 2022 -- Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. (NYSE: CPS) today reported results for the third quarter 2022.

Third Quarter 2022 Summary
Sales totaled $657.2 million, an increase of 24.8% compared to third quarter 2021
Net loss narrowed to $32.7 million or $(1.90) per diluted share compared to a net loss of $123.2 million or $(7.20) per diluted share in the third quarter 2021
Adjusted EBITDA totaled $20.5 million; adjusted EBITDA margin improved by approximately 950 basis points vs. third quarter 2021
Quarter-end cash balance of $231 million; continuing strong total liquidity of $387 million
Net new business awards on electric vehicles of $27 million in the quarter and $72 million year to date; Total net new business awards of $66 million in the quarter and $124 million year to date
“We were able to leverage our improving cost structure, enhanced commercial agreements and higher year-over-year industry production levels to drive positive results in the quarter,” said Jeffrey Edwards, chairman and CEO, Cooper Standard. “OEM production schedules remain erratic, however, with actual volumes still falling well short of industry forecasts and our customers' own releases. Despite this continuing challenge, we expect to deliver further operational improvements and margin expansion through the remainder of the year.”

Consolidated Results
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
(dollar amounts in millions except per share amounts)
Sales$657.2 $526.7 $1,876.1 $1,728.8 
Net loss
$(32.7)$(123.2)$(127.3)$(220.6)
Adjusted net loss$(29.5)$(106.4)$(139.3)$(172.0)
Loss per diluted share
$(1.90)$(7.20)$(7.41)$(12.96)
Adjusted loss per diluted share
$(1.71)$(6.23)$(8.11)$(10.10)
Adjusted EBITDA
$20.5 $(33.9)$10.3 $(10.0)
The year-over-year increase in third quarter sales was primarily attributable to favorable volume and mix as well as realized recoveries of material cost inflation, which are reflected in price adjustments. These were partially offset by foreign exchange.

Net loss for the third quarter 2022 was $(32.7) million, including restructuring charges of $1.7 million and other special items. Net loss for the third quarter 2021 was $(123.2) million, including restructuring charges of $1.6 million and other special items. Adjusted net loss, which excludes restructuring, other special items and their related tax impact, was $(29.5) million in the third quarter 2022 compared to $(106.4) million in the third quarter of 2021. The year-over-year improvement was primarily due to improved volume and mix, lower income tax
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expense and improved operating efficiencies. These were partially offset by continuing material cost inflation net of realized customer recoveries, higher labor costs and other inflationary headwinds.

Adjusted net loss, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted loss per diluted share are non-GAAP measures. Reconciliations to the most directly comparable financial measures, calculated and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), are provided in the attached supplemental schedules.

Automotive New Business Awards

The Company continues to leverage its world-class engineering and manufacturing capabilities, its innovation programs and its reputation for quality and service to win new business awards with its customers. During the third quarter of 2022, the Company received net new business awards representing approximately $66 million in incremental anticipated future annualized sales, including $27 million of awards on electric vehicle platforms. Year to date net new business awards totaled $124 million, including $72 million on electric vehicle platforms. Since the beginning of 2020, the Company has received net new business awards on electric vehicle platforms totaling over $275 million in expected incremental annualized sales.
Segment Results of Operations

Sales
Three Months Ended September 30,Variance Due To:
20222021ChangeVolume / Mix*Foreign ExchangeDeconsolidation
(dollar amounts in thousands)
Sales to external customers
North America$351,011 $270,592 $80,419 $80,840 $(421)$— 
Europe113,670 98,682 14,988 34,726 (19,738)— 
Asia Pacific129,493 109,526 19,967 35,932 (9,818)(6,147)
South America27,073 15,981 11,092 11,129 (37)— 
Total Automotive621,247 494,781 126,466 162,627 (30,014)(6,147)
Corporate, eliminations and other35,906 31,909 3,997 6,097 (2,100)— 
Consolidated sales$657,153 $526,690 $130,463 $168,724 $(32,114)$(6,147)
* Net of customer price adjustments
Volume and mix, net of customer price adjustments including recoveries, was driven by vehicle production volume increases due to the lessening impact of semiconductor-related supply issues.
The impact of foreign currency exchange was primarily related to the Euro, Chinese Renminbi and Korean Won.

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Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended September 30,Variance Due To:
20222021ChangeVolume/ Mix*Foreign ExchangeCost (Increases)/ Decreases**
(dollar amounts in thousands)
Segment adjusted EBITDA
North America$19,401 $8,817 $10,584 $29,273 $(1,355)$(17,334)
Europe(10,905)(25,112)14,207 16,942 1,205 (3,940)
Asia Pacific7,523 (14,274)21,797 10,612 (10)11,195 
South America766 (3,422)4,188 2,750 1,060 378 
Total Automotive16,785 (33,991)50,776 59,577 900 (9,701)
Corporate, eliminations and other3,720 132 3,588 9,015 28 (5,455)
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA$20,505 $(33,859)$54,364 $68,592 $928 $(15,156)
* Net of customer price adjustments
** Net of deconsolidation

Volume and mix, net of customer price adjustments including recoveries, was driven by vehicle production volume increases due to a lessening impact on customer production schedules for semiconductor-related supply issues in the current year period.
The impact of foreign currency exchange was primarily related to the Euro and Brazilian Real, partially offset by the Mexican Peso.
The Cost (Increases) / Decreases category above includes:
Commodity cost and inflationary economics;
Manufacturing efficiencies and purchasing savings through lean initiatives;
Increased compensation-related expenses; and
Decreased costs related to ongoing salaried headcount initiatives and restructuring savings.

Cash and Liquidity

As of September 30, 2022, Cooper Standard had cash and cash equivalents totaling $231.2 million. Total liquidity, including availability under the Company's amended senior asset-based revolving credit facility, was $386.9 million at the end of the third quarter.

Based on current expectations for light vehicle production and customer demand for our products, the Company expects its current solid cash balance and access to flexible credit facilities will provide sufficient resources to support ongoing operations and the execution of planned strategic initiatives for the foreseeable future. The Company’s ability to meet its debt service requirements for the next twelve months is contingent upon its ability to refinance its term loan facility. The Company continues its discussions with certain investors with respect to potential refinancing alternatives. While discussions are ongoing, the Company has not reached an agreement with respect to such a transaction for refinancing its capital structure and there can be no assurances that such an agreement will be reached in the future.





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Outlook

Industry projections for global light vehicle production growth, while still positive, have moderated over the past three months. Based on these industry projections, macroeconomic conditions, current customer production schedules and the Company's results to date, the Company is adjusting its 2022 full year guidance as follows:
2022 Guidance1
Previous
Current
Sales
$2.5 - $2.7 billion
$2.45 - $2.55 billion
Adjusted EBITDA2
$50 - $60 million
$45 - $50 million
Capital Expenditures
$85 - $95 million$80 - $90 million
Cash Restructuring
$20 - $30 million$20 - $30 million
Net Cash Taxes / (Refund)
$(50) - $(55) million
$(50) - $(55) million
Key Light Vehicle Production Assumptions
North America14.7  million 14.5  million 
Europe16.5  million 15.6  million 
Greater China24.5  million 26.4  million 

1 Guidance is representative of management's estimates and expectations as of the date it is published. Current guidance as presented in this press release considers September 2022 S&P Global (IHS Markit) production forecasts for relevant light vehicle platforms and models, customers' planned production schedules and other internal assumptions.
2 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. The Company has not provided a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income because full-year net income will include special items that have not yet occurred and are difficult to predict with reasonable certainty prior to year-end. Due to this uncertainty, the Company cannot reconcile projected adjusted EBITDA to U.S. GAAP net income without unreasonable effort.

Conference Call Details

Cooper Standard management will host a conference call and webcast on November 2, 2022 at 9:00 a.m. ET to discuss its third quarter 2022 results, provide a general business update and respond to investor questions. Investors and other interested parties may listen to the call by accessing the online, real-time webcast at
https://www.ir.cooperstandard.com/events/event-details/third-quarter-2022-earnings-call.

Investors, analysts and other representatives of the investment community who wish to participate by phone in the live conference and have the opportunity to ask questions during Q&A will need to pre-register for the call by visiting https://register.vevent.com/register/BI8e7acde9b14a4ad997eeb525af0c3691. Once registration is completed, participants will be provided with a dial-in number and a personalized conference code to access the call. Participants should dial in at least five minutes prior to the start of the call.

A replay of the webcast will be available on the investors’ portion of the Cooper Standard website (http://www.ir.cooperstandard.com) shortly after the live event.

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About Cooper Standard

Cooper Standard, headquartered in Northville, Mich., with locations in 21 countries, is a leading global supplier of sealing and fluid handling systems and components. Utilizing our materials science and manufacturing expertise, we create innovative and sustainable engineered solutions for diverse transportation and industrial markets. Cooper Standard's approximately 22,600 employees are at the heart of our success, continuously improving our business and surrounding communities. Learn more at www.cooperstandard.com or follow us on Twitter @CooperStandard.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of U.S. federal securities laws, and we intend that such forward-looking statements be subject to the safe harbor created thereby. Our use of words “estimate,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “plan,” “intend,” “believe,” “outlook,” “guidance,” “forecast,” or future or conditional verbs, such as “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” or “may,” and variations of such words or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs, and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them. However, we cannot assure you that these expectations, beliefs and projections will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results or achievements to be materially different from the future results or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Among other items, such factors may include: Volatility or decline of the Company’s stock price, or absence of stock price appreciation; impacts, including commodity cost increases and disruptions related to the war in Ukraine and the current COVID-related lockdowns in China; our ability to offset the adverse impact of higher commodity and other costs through negotiations with our customers; the impact, and expected continued impact, of the COVID-19 outbreak on our financial condition and results of operations; significant risks to our liquidity presented by the COVID-19 pandemic risk; prolonged or material contractions in automotive sales and production volumes; our inability to realize sales represented by awarded business; escalating pricing pressures; loss of large customers or significant platforms; our ability to successfully compete in the automotive parts industry; availability and increasing volatility in costs of manufactured components and raw materials; disruption in our supply base; competitive threats and commercial risks associated with our diversification strategy through our Advanced Technology Group; possible variability of our working capital requirements; risks associated with our international operations, including changes in laws, regulations, and policies governing the terms of foreign trade such as increased trade restrictions and tariffs; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; our ability to control the operations of our joint ventures for our sole benefit; our substantial amount of indebtedness and variable rates of interest; our ability to obtain adequate financing sources in the future; operating and financial restrictions imposed on us under our debt instruments; the underfunding of our pension plans; significant changes in discount rates and the actual return on pension assets; effectiveness of continuous improvement programs and other cost savings plans; manufacturing facility closings or consolidation; our ability to execute new program launches; our ability to meet customers’ needs for new and improved products; the possibility that our acquisitions and divestitures may not be successful; product liability, warranty and recall claims brought against us; laws and regulations, including environmental, health and safety laws and regulations; legal and regulatory proceedings, claims or investigations against us; work stoppages or other labor disruptions; the ability of our intellectual property to withstand legal challenges; cyber-attacks, data privacy concerns, other disruptions in, or the inability to implement upgrades to, our information technology systems; the possible volatility of our annual effective tax rate; the possibility of a failure to maintain effective controls and procedures; the possibility of future impairment charges to our goodwill and long-lived assets; our ability to identify, attract, develop and retain a skilled, engaged and diverse workforce; our ability to procure insurance at reasonable rates; and our dependence on our subsidiaries for cash to satisfy our obligations; and other risks and uncertainties, including those detailed from time to time in the Company’s periodic
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reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or otherwise revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except where we are expressly required to do so by law.

This press release also contains estimates and other information that is based on industry publications, surveys and forecasts. This information involves a number of assumptions and limitations, and we have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the information.

CPS_F
Contact for Analysts:Contact for Media:
Roger Hendriksen
Chris Andrews
Cooper StandardCooper Standard
(248) 596-6465(248) 596-6217
roger.hendriksen@cooperstandard.com
candrews@cooperstandard.com

Financial statements and related notes follow:

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COOPER-STANDARD HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands except per share and share amounts) 
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Sales$657,153 $526,690 $1,876,054 $1,728,842 
Cost of products sold618,594 534,817 1,800,577 1,669,610 
Gross profit (loss)38,559 (8,127)75,477 59,232 
Selling, administration & engineering expenses44,847 60,367 149,033 168,506 
Gain on sale of business, net— — — (696)
Gain on sale of fixed assets, net— — (33,391)— 
Amortization of intangibles1,693 1,819 5,176 5,524 
Restructuring charges1,701 1,573 13,014 34,251 
Impairment charges379 1,006 837 1,847 
Operating loss(10,061)(72,892)(59,192)(150,200)
Interest expense, net of interest income(20,747)(18,243)(57,378)(54,152)
Equity in (losses) earnings of affiliates(3,391)(1,114)(8,193)65 
Other income (expense), net146 (494)(2,574)(4,221)
Loss before income taxes(34,053)(92,743)(127,337)(208,508)
Income tax (benefit) expense(833)32,121 1,824 15,598 
Net loss(33,220)(124,864)(129,161)(224,106)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests534 1,691 1,868 3,458 
Net loss attributable to Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.$(32,686)$(123,173)$(127,293)$(220,648)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic17,218,165 17,097,766 17,181,534 17,027,226 
Diluted17,218,165 17,097,766 17,181,534 17,027,226 
Loss per share:
Basic$(1.90)$(7.20)$(7.41)$(12.96)
Diluted$(1.90)$(7.20)$(7.41)$(12.96)
    

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COOPER-STANDARD HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
  (unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$231,177 $248,010 
Accounts receivable, net366,824 317,469 
Tooling receivable, net93,832 88,900 
Inventories195,003 158,075 
Prepaid expenses31,348 26,313 
Income tax receivable and refundable credits12,474 82,813 
Other current assets74,525 73,317 
Total current assets1,005,183 994,897 
Property, plant and equipment, net667,117 784,348 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net95,803 111,052 
Goodwill141,958 142,282 
Intangible assets, net48,413 60,375 
Other assets143,727 133,539 
Total assets$2,102,201 $2,226,493 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities:
Debt payable within one year$48,890 $56,111 
Accounts payable373,481 348,133 
Payroll liabilities94,712 69,353 
Accrued liabilities130,257 101,466 
Current operating lease liabilities20,172 22,552 
Total current liabilities667,512 597,615 
Long-term debt978,435 980,604 
Pension benefits113,521 129,880 
Postretirement benefits other than pensions40,960 43,498 
Long-term operating lease liabilities79,222 92,760 
Other liabilities47,289 50,776 
Total liabilities1,926,939 1,895,133 
Equity:
Common stock17 17 
Additional paid-in capital506,971 504,497 
Retained (loss) earnings(101,740)25,553 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(224,203)(205,184)
Total Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. equity181,045 324,883 
Noncontrolling interests(5,783)6,477 
Total equity175,262 331,360 
Total liabilities and equity$2,102,201 $2,226,493 
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COOPER-STANDARD HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands) 
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20222021
Operating Activities:
Net loss$(129,161)$(224,106)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation88,997 99,497 
Amortization of intangibles5,176 5,524 
Gain on sale of fixed assets, net(33,391)— 
Gain on sale of business, net— (696)
Impairment charges837 1,847 
Share-based compensation expense2,593 4,781 
Equity in losses of affiliates, net of dividends related to earnings11,195 2,146 
Deferred income taxes(5,478)9,785 
Other2,383 2,219 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities46,489 (12,485)
Net cash used in operating activities(10,360)(111,488)
Investing activities:
Capital expenditures(58,491)(75,965)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets52,956 3,095 
Other167 35 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,368)(72,835)
Financing activities:
Principal payments on long-term debt(3,786)(4,227)
Decrease in short-term debt, net(977)(597)
Taxes withheld and paid on employees' share-based payment awards(607)(777)
Other(688)884 
Net cash used in financing activities(6,058)(4,717)
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash9,296 7,853 
Changes in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(12,490)(181,187)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period251,128 443,578 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$238,638 $262,391 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash to the condensed consolidated balance sheet:
Balance as of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$231,177 $248,010 
Restricted cash included in other current assets5,846 961 
Restricted cash included in other assets1,615 2,157 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$238,638 $251,128 
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Non-GAAP Measures

EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share and free cash flow are measures not recognized under U.S. GAAP and which exclude certain non-cash and special items that may obscure trends and operating performance not indicative of the Company’s core financial activities. Net new business is a measure not recognized under U.S. GAAP which is a representation of potential incremental future revenue but which may not fully reflect all external impacts to future revenue. Management considers EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share, free cash flow and net new business to be key indicators of the Company’s operating performance and believes that these and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the Company’s performance. In addition, similar measures are utilized in the calculation of the financial covenants and ratios contained in the Company’s financing arrangements and management uses these measures for developing internal budgets and forecasting purposes. EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) adjusted to reflect income tax expense (benefit), interest expense net of interest income, depreciation and amortization, and adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA further adjusted to reflect certain items that management does not consider to be reflective of the Company’s core operating performance. Adjusted net income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) adjusted to reflect certain items that management does not consider to be reflective of the Company’s core operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of sales. Adjusted basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share is defined as adjusted net income (loss) divided by the weighted average number of basic and diluted shares, respectively, outstanding during the period. Free cash flow is defined as net cash provided by operating activities minus capital expenditures and is useful to both management and investors in evaluating the Company’s ability to service and repay its debt. Net new business reflects anticipated sales from formally awarded programs, less lost business, discontinued programs and replacement programs and is based on IHS Markit forecast production volumes. The calculation of “net new business” does not reflect customer price reductions on existing programs and may be impacted by various assumptions embedded in the respective calculation, including actual vehicle production levels on new programs, foreign exchange rates and the timing of major program launches.
When analyzing the Company’s operating performance, investors should use EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share, free cash flow and net new business as supplements to, and not as alternatives for, net income (loss), operating income, or any other performance measure derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and not as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of the Company’s liquidity. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share, free cash flow and net new business have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of the Company’s results of operations as reported under U.S. GAAP. Other companies may report EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share, free cash flow and net new business differently and therefore the Company’s results may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. In addition, in evaluating adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income (loss), it should be noted that in the future the Company may incur expenses similar to or in excess of the adjustments in the below presentation. This presentation of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income (loss) should not be construed as an inference that the Company’s future results will be unaffected by special items. Reconciliations of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income (loss) and free cash flow follow.
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Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands)

The following table provides a reconciliation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA from net loss:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Net loss attributable to Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.$(32,686)$(123,173)$(127,293)$(220,648)
Income tax (benefit) expense(833)32,121 1,824 15,598 
Interest expense, net of interest income20,747 18,243 57,378 54,152 
Depreciation and amortization30,628 36,049 94,173 105,021 
EBITDA$17,856 $(36,760)$26,082 $(45,877)
Restructuring charges 1,701 1,573 13,014 34,251 
Deconsolidation of joint venture (1)
— — 2,257 — 
Impairment charges (2)
379 1,006 837 1,847 
Loss (gain) on sale of business, net (3)
— — — (696)
Gain on sale of fixed assets, net (4)
— — (33,391)— 
Lease termination costs (5)
— 322 — 430 
Indirect tax and customs adjustments (6)
569 — 1,477 — 
Adjusted EBITDA$20,505 $(33,859)$10,276 $(10,045)
Sales$657,153 $526,690 $1,876,054 $1,728,842 
Net loss margin(5.0)%(23.4)%(6.8)%(12.8)%
Adjusted EBITDA margin3.1 %(6.4)%0.5 %(0.6)%

(1)Loss attributable to deconsolidation of a joint venture in the Asia Pacific region, which required adjustment to fair value.
(2)Non-cash impairment charges in 2022 and 2021 related to idle assets in Europe.
(3)During 2021, we recorded subsequent adjustments to the net gain on sale of business, which related to the 2020 divestiture of our European rubber fluid transfer and specialty sealing businesses, as well as its Indian operations.
(4)In the first quarter of 2022, the Company signed a sale-leaseback agreement on one of its European facilities, and a gain was recognized in the second quarter of 2022.
(5)Lease termination costs no longer recorded as restructuring charges in accordance with ASC 842.
(6)Impact of prior period indirect tax and customs adjustments.











    
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Adjusted Net Loss and Adjusted Loss Per Share
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands except per share and share amounts)
The following table provides a reconciliation of net loss to adjusted net loss and the respective loss per share amounts:
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Net loss attributable to Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.$(32,686)$(123,173)$(127,293)$(220,648)
Restructuring charges 1,701 1,573 13,014 34,251 
Deconsolidation of joint venture (1)
— — 2,257 — 
Impairment charges (2)
379 1,006 837 1,847 
Loss (gain) on sale of business, net (3)
— — — (696)
Gain on sale of fixed assets, net (4)
— — (33,391)— 
Lease termination costs (5)
— 322 — 430 
Indirect tax and customs adjustments (6)
569 — 1,477 — 
Deferred tax valuation allowance (7)
— 13,278 — 13,278 
Tax impact of adjusting items (8)
581 560 3,765 (484)
Adjusted net loss$(29,456)$(106,434)$(139,334)$(172,022)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic17,218,165 17,097,766 17,181,534 17,027,226 
Diluted17,218,165 17,097,766 17,181,534 17,027,226 
Loss per share:
Basic$(1.90)$(7.20)$(7.41)$(12.96)
Diluted$(1.90)$(7.20)$(7.41)$(12.96)
Adjusted loss per share:
Basic$(1.71)$(6.23)$(8.11)$(10.10)
Diluted$(1.71)$(6.23)$(8.11)$(10.10)

(1)Loss attributable to deconsolidation of a joint venture in the Asia Pacific region, which required adjustment to fair value.
(2)Non-cash impairment charges in 2022 and 2021 related to idle assets in Europe.
(3)During 2021, we recorded subsequent adjustments to the net gain on sale of business, which related to the 2020 divestiture of our European rubber fluid transfer and specialty sealing businesses, as well as its Indian operations.
(4)In the first quarter of 2022, the Company signed a sale-leaseback agreement on one of its European facilities, and a gain was recognized in the second quarter of 2022.
(5)Lease termination costs no longer recorded as restructuring charges in accordance with ASC 842.
(6)Impact of prior period indirect tax and customs adjustments.
(7)Relates to the initial recognition of our valuation allowance on net deferred tax assets in the U.S.
(8)Represents the elimination of the income tax impact of the above adjustments by calculating the income tax impact of these adjusting items using the appropriate tax rate for the jurisdiction where the charges were incurred and other discrete tax expense.


Free Cash Flow
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
The following table defines free cash flow:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(10,125)$(50,754)$(10,360)$(111,488)
Capital expenditures
(14,213)(20,366)(58,491)(75,965)
Free cash flow
$(24,338)$(71,120)$(68,851)$(187,453)
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